To A - M}
See "Near-Death Experience".
The out-of-body and other experiences people report having when they
are close to death. Events within NDE include: an Out-of-body Experence
(OBE), life review, a tunnel experience, encounters with spirit guides,
seeing dead relatives or friends, a moment of decision (or being told)
to turn back.
The practice of supposedly communicating with the spirits of the dead
in order to predict the future.
form of prophecy, in which the seer or sorcerer/sorceress raises the
spirit of the dead in order to have the wraith foretell future events.
It was thought that upon entering eternity, the spirit would have
full knowledge of the past, present, and future.
The idea that psi information may be more accessible if normal sensory
information (sight, smell, etc..) is reduced to a minimum.
See "Out-of-Body Experience".
Apparitions or phenomena that appear independent of our minds, thoughts,
Of, relating to, or dealing with supernatural influences, agencies,
A belief in occult powers and the possibility of bringing them under
human control. [Also see "Occult" for more info.]
A sign that foretells events.
An answer to a question, believed to come from the gods; a shrine
at which these answers are given.
A sphere or spherical object.
Something of circular form; a circle or an orbit.
sphere of energy looking like "balls of light" on film,
thought to be Spirit energy. Some people have been known to see them
with their naked eye, but most are captured on film (photos and video).
Be careful though.. Dust, Moisture (like rain), etc.. will come out
to look like spirit orbs on film, so follow Standards and Protocols
to help avoid these forms of false evidence. So you say, "If
there's evidence of these natural causes producing orbs, why do you
associate them with spirit?". Well.. We tend to get alot of orbs
in places known to be haunted.. we also tend to get them in locations
of EMF/Thermo meter fluctuations, we have captured video of them going
around people/objects and even through objects (doors/walls/etc..),
have captured them setting off motion detectors, and have even captured
video of them hitting a ceiling fan (turned off) and making a "ping"
sound each time. Dust can't cause these things that we have captured.
Experience (OBE or OOBE)
The experience that the self is in a different location than the physical
Beyond the range of normal experience or scientific explanation.
or outside the natural order of things as presently understood.
Dreams in which the dream imagery provides paranormal knowledge (e.g.,
ESP or precognition). [Also see "Announcing dream" and "Lucid
Dreaming" for more info.]
The branch of science that studies psychic phenomena.
study of the evidence for psychological phenomena, such as telepathy,
clairvoyance, and psychokinesis, that are inexplicable by science.
(term coined by J.B. Rhine)
Mental images that are believed to be memories of previous lives.
[Also see "Reincarnation" and Past-life Regression"
for more info.]
A technique of hypnosis involving regressing people to supposed previous
lives. [Also see "Reincarnation" and "Past-life Memories"
for more info.]
Having the power of perceiving, especially perceiving keenly and readily.
person who sees (i.e., perceives) an apparition or ghost.
A phantom or an apparition. Also called phantasma. [Also see "Apparition"
for more info.]
The Fear of Ghosts.
An approach to research that aims to describe and clarify a person's
own experience and understanding of an event or phenomenon.
philosophy or method of inquiry based on the premise that reality
consists of objects and events as they are perceived or understood
in human consciousness and not of anything independent of human consciousness.
An inactive treatment often given to a control group. [Also see "Control
Group" for more info.]
Information about past events that apparently is stored in the physical
Extra Sensory Perception exhibited by plants. [Also see "Extra
Sensory Perception" and "Psi" for more info.]
A ghost/spirit that manifests itself by noises, rappings, and the
creation of disorder.
German for "noisy spirit", seems to be between the categories
of ghost and psi (the term applied to unusual abilities of human origin
such as ESP and psychokinesis and investigating "exceptional
human experiences" such as out of body and apparitional experiences).
As the name suggests, they are noisy, often throwing objects around,
pinching and prodding residents and generally disrupting the residence.
They may not be "mean" or "evil", Just active,
wanting to let people know they're there.
The state of being possessed.
complete control by an entity of the body of a living person.
The ability to predict things beyond present knowledge.
of something in advance of its occurrence, especially by extrasensory
A statement that foretells future events. [Also see "Premonition",
"Precognition" and "Prophecy" for more info.]
Belief that the personality or soul exists prior to birth. [Also see
"Reincarnation" for more info.]
A presentiment of the future; a foreboding.
A warning in advance; a forewarning.
forewarning of a future event.
The state or fact of being present; current existence or occurrence.
A supernatural/paranormal influence felt to be nearby.
feeling that an unseen person, spirit or being is nearby.
Research that aims to investigate factors affecting psi. [Also see
"Proof Research" for more info.]
Research that aims to demonstrate the existence of psi. [Also see
"Process Research" for more info.]
A prediction, usually resulting from a sense of spiritual revelation.
The ability to receive prophetic revelations.
Parapsychological phenomena or abilities considered as a group.
letter in the Greek alphabet that denotes psychic phenomena.
Instrumental Response (PMIR)
Theory put forward by Rex Stanford that psi activity is used to serve
an organism's needs.
The Greek word for self, mind, or soul.
Mythology - Psyche was a young woman who loved and was loved by Eros
and was united with him after Aphrodite's jealousy was overcome. She
subsequently became the personification of the soul.
Literally "revealing mind". A class of plants and drugs
(Example: peyote, psilocybin, LSD) that can produce florid Altered
States of Consciousness. [Also see "Altered State of Consciousness
(ASC)" for more info.]
A person with above average ESP abilities.
of extraordinary mental processes, such as extrasensory perception
and mental telepathy.
Energy left in an area that can later be "played back" like
a recording in time. Psychic Impressions left in an area are not interactive
and are often associated with a haunting, called "Residual Hauntings".
[See our "Types of Spirit" page for more on Residual Hauntings.]
(Example of a Residual Haunting: When people see ghostly soldiers
fighting battles on battlefields, etc..) When a person has preformed
events over and over again in a location they tend to leave a psychic
impression on the area, which sometimes stays in the location long
after that person has passed on. Traumatic events in a location may
also leave a strong psychic impression on the area. [Also see "Ghost"
for more info.]
A term coined in the late 19th century to refer to the scientific
study of the paranormal. Now largely known as 'parapsychology'.
General term used to refer to paranormal photographic images. [Also
see "Kirlian Photography", "Spirit Photography",
and "Thoughtography" for more info.]
The power of the mind to affect matter without physical contact.
production or control of motion, especially in inanimate and remote
objects, purportedly by the exercise of psychic ability.
ESP of events associated with inanimate objects.
ability or art of divining information about people or events associated
with an object solely by touching or being near to it.
Belief that pyramid shapes can produce paranormal effects.
A research method involving the collection of non-quantitative data
(Example: observations, interviews, subjective reports, case studies).
[Also see "Quantitative Method" for more info.]
A research method involving the collection and statistical analysis
of numerical data. [Also see "Qualitative Method" for more
Theories based on the assumption that living organisms emit some kind
of radiation or emanation that is capable of being detected using
instruments. [Also see "Aura" for more info.]
Voice Phenomenon (RVP)
Receiving the voice of a deceased human over a regular radio. [For
more info on hearing spirit voices see "Electronic Voice Phenomenon
The name given to unexplained knocking sounds associated with physical
mediumship and poltergeist activity. [Also see "Haunting"
for more info.]
Intelligible voices recorded on magnetic tape under conditions of
silence or white noise which are heard only when the tape is played.
A phenomenon discovered by Konstantin Raudive. [Also see "Electronic
Voice Phenomena" for more info.]
To receive or comprehend.
To attribute a certain interpretation or meaning to.
To have the ability to examine and grasp the meaning of.
given to a person by a psychic or medium.
In Buddhism, the belief that there is some continuty of mind from
one life to the next. Buddhism, however, does not accept the existence
of the individual soul and therefore does not view rebirth as the
soul's literal re-incarnation. [Also see "Reincarnation"
for more info.]
Spontaneous Psychokinesis (RSPK)
A technical term for poltergeist activity. [See "Repressed psychokinetic
energy" and "Poltergeist" for more info.]
A statistical technique that enables predictions to be made from a
set of data.
A technique used in hypnosis, involving suggesting to hypnotized persons
that they are returning to an earlier time. Sometimes the regression
occurs spontaneously, without suggestion. [Also see "Past-life
Regression" for more info.].
A reappearance or revitalization in another form; a new embodiment.
rebirth of a soul into a new body.
An ESP procedure in which a percipient attempts to become aware psychically
of the experience of a person, event, of other info located at a distant,
unknown target location.
Repressed Psychokinetic Energy:
A psychic force produced, usually unconsciously, by an individual
undergoing physical or mental trauma. When released, the power causes
paranormal occurrences, which often are thought to be poltergeist
activity. [See "Poltergeist" for more info.]
When a person finds themself in a time warp of the past,
seeing or experiencing events of which they had no prior knowledge.
See "Recurrent Spontaneous Psychokinesis".
A Cuban spiritist religion. [Also see "Voodoo" for more
A term used to cover a wide range of divination techniques which parapsychology
would tend to classify as types of ESP. Most scrying techniques involve
some degree of fixation on a surface with a clear optical depth (crystal
ball, a pool of ink or deep water) or on an area which shows random
patterns (flames in a fire, smoke), the idea being that subconscious
information available to the scrying will be manifested in their interpretation
of the imagery or random patterns they see.
A meeting of people to receive spiritualistic messages.
group of people who gather in an effort to communicate with the dead.
Another name for clairvoyance. [Also see "Clairvoyance"
for more info.]
Another name for agent. [Also see "Agent" for more info.]
Capable of perceiving with a sense or senses; Susceptible to the attitudes,
feelings, or circumstances of others.
person who frequently experiences ESP (Extra Sensory Perception).
[See "Extra Sensory Perception (ESP)" for more info.]
Conditions of greatly restricted sensory input. [Also see "Ganzfeld
Experiments" for more info.]
Spirits or ghosts which are usually black in appearance and have no
discernible features. People usually see them out of the corner of
their eye, and have also been known to be captured on film.
A wizard in tribal societies who is an intermediary between
the living, the dead, and the gods.
member of certain tribal societies who acts as a medium between the
visible world and an invisible spirit world and who practices magic
or sorcery for purposes of healing, divination, and control over natural
Paranormal ability to assume the form of another person, an animal
or other entity.
Name given to paranormal powers associated with the practice of Yoga.
[Also see "Yoga" for more info.]
Results of an experiment are said to be statistically significant
when they are very unlikely to be due to chance (and hence, in a psi
test, are more likely to be due to psi).
A dream whose elements correspond closely with those in the dream
of another person.
Grasping the inner nature of things intuitively.
ability of perception seemingly independent of the five senses (touch,
smell, sight, feeling, taste); keen intuition. [Also see "Extra
Sensory Perception (ESP)" for more info.]
One who instinctively or habitually doubts, questions, or disagrees
with assertions or generally accepted conclusions.
person inclined to discount the reality of the paranormal and to be
critical of parapsychological research. Generally seeks rational or
scientific explanations for the phenomenon. Paranormal Researchers
are also skeptics to an extent, but with an open mind. Before we can
say it's paranormal in nature, we must first prove that it's not something
that can be explained by other means.
A condition in which a person seems to be awake/conscious but is unable
The spiritual element of a person, generally believed to be immortal.
[Also see "Ba" and "Spirit" for more info.]
See "Subjective Paranormal Experience".
An unusual appearing ghostly figure or image.
ghostly apparition; a phantom.
A haunting or disturbing image or prospect.
People tend to put Ghost and Spirit in the same category and definition,
even at Ghost Tracker we have found ourselves switching back and forth
from Ghost to Spirit when talking about them because they both basically
get the same idea across.. But most paranormal researchers distinguish
the two by these definitions:
Spirit refers to an actual living essence, or soul, of a person that
has remained after their physical body has died which usually still
retains the entities traits and personality and can communicate with
the living, unlike Ghosts which tend to just be psychic impressions
left in an area, or "recordings" of time in a location that
don't seem to interact and are played over and over. [See "Ghost"
for more info.]
A spiritual being who is assigned to a particular person to assist
them in their spiritual or life journey. It is said that each person
can have more than one spirit guide. These guides can be highly evolved
spirits of people who have lived before.
Capturing evidence of spirit on film. Spirit photographs, when developed,
show anomalies that were not seen at the time the photo was taken.
Examples include orbs, vortexes, ecto/mists and, on a more rare scale,
apparitions. [See our "Photos" page for examples of what
you may capture on film.]
The belief that the dead communicate with the living, as through a
belief system that spirits of the dead can (and do) communicate with
living humans in the material world.
Paranormal phenomena that occur in everyday life, unsought and unexpected.
Human Combustion (SHC)
Refers to cases in which a badly burned human body has been discovered
in circumstances suggesting that the fire originated spontaneously
in or on the body of the victim.
Paranormal Experience (SPE)
Or Subjective Psi Experience. An experience that the person who has
it believes to be paranormal.
Psi Experience (SPE)
See "Subjective Paranormal Experience".
Perceiving without conscious awareness.
A female spirit supposed to descend upon and have sexual intercourse
with a man while he sleeps.
These are orbs that tend to leave long streaks behind them, probably
from them moving so fast. Watch for light sources in the area though..
Moving the camera around quickly will usually produce streaks of light
on the photo of whatever light sources are present. Keep your camera
steady and try not to move it around too much. If the rest of the
photo is clear (as in the camera was being shaken around alot) and
there weren't any light sources in the area of the streaks of light,
Yet you get them in your photo, You may have caught some super charged
orbs. [Example photo of this: Linda and Betty's Anomaly in St. Augustine,
The suggestion that people are capable of unlimited ESP. The super-ESP
hypothesis is often presented as an alternative to the survival hypothesis
in explaining mediumistic phenomena (the medium is believed to obtain
information using super-ESP powers and not directly from the spirit
of a deceased person).
Of or relating to existence outside the natural world.
that exists or occurs through some means other than any known force
in nature. As opposed to paranormal, the term "supernatural"
often connotes divine or demonic intervention.
The belief that some aspect of the person (e.g., consciousness, mind,
personality, soul) lives on after death of the body.
Mysterious movements of a table, usually occurring in a séance
when a group of people place their hands on the surface of the table.
Often the movements are interpreted as spirit communications. Also
known as table-turning or table-tipping.
A special deck of cards (usually 78) used in fortune telling. [Also
see "Fortune Telling" for more info.]
Paranormal movement of objects.
The ability to move something by thinking about it without the application
of physical force.
The direct passing of information from one mind to another.
sympathetic affection of one mind by the thoughts, feelings, or emotions
of another at a distance, without communication through the ordinary
channels of sensation.
A hypothetical method of transportation in which matter or information
is dematerialized, usually instantaneously, at one point and recreated
kind of paranormal transportation in which an object is moved from
one distinct location to another, often through a solid object such
as a wall.
The supposed ability to change from human to animal form and back.
[Also see "Shape-Shifting" for more info.]
An instrument that takes instant temperature changes. Used in ghost
research to detect cold or warm spots and temperature fluctuations
in an area.
An apparition produced by the power of the human mind.
Paranormal ability to produce images on photographic film (Example:
by concentrating on a mental image). [Also see "Psychic Photography"
and "Spirit Photography" for more info.]
A dissociated state of consciousness, generally involving reduced
awareness of surroundings and external events.
A person who enters a state of trance in order to produce mediumistic
A technique of meditation taught by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, involving
the repetition of a sound (mantra).
The study of experiences, beliefs and practices that suggest that
the sense of self can extend beyond our personal or individual reality.
The subject matter of transpersonal psychology overlaps to some extent
with parapsychology, but the two disciplines tend to have different
approaches and emphases. Parapsychology is primarily concerned to
investigate evidence for and against the reality of paranormal phenomena.
Transpersonal psychology, on the other hand, is more interested in
investigating the transpersonal significance of such phenomena.
An early term for the out of body experience.
A conical tube (often luminous) used in séances to produce
direct voice communication. [Also see "Direct Voice Phenomena"
for more info.]
or experience that is confirmed by facts and events.
A dream that corresponds to real events (past, present or future)
that are unknown to the dreamer.
A spiritist and ancestor religion, originating in Africa, and now
found predominantly in Haiti, Jamaica and Cuba. Magical rites, trance
states and possession all play a major role in Voodoo.
A place or situation regarded as drawing into its center all that
photographed anomaly that appears as a funnel or rope-like image (sometimes
creating a shadow) that is not seen at the time of the photograph
that is thought to represent spirit. Other theories include; a collection
of orbs, a 'gateway' to where orbs originate or travel to or a wormhole
in time-space. Sometimes camera straps in the way of the lens can
produce what looks like a vortex, so to not have false evidence it's
best to remove you camera strap.
An area or place that for an unknown reason seems to be warmer than
the surrounding areas. Paranormal investigators usually use thermometers
to detect the fluctuations of temperature in a location. [See "Thermometer/Thermoscanner"
for more info.]
Acoustical or electrical noise of which the intensity is the same
at all frequencies within a given band.
hiss-like sound, formed by compiling all audible frequencies (used
in Ganzfield experiments) [See "Ganzfield experiment" for
An apparition of a living person that appears as a portent just before
that person's death.
The ability to speak or write in a language that has not been learned.
[Also see "Glossolalia" for more info.]
Religious philosophy originating in India. It advocates the use of
physical and psycho-spiritual techniques to lead the person to higher
consciousness. [Also see "Meditation" and "Siddhis"
for more info.]